The natural revelation speaks to us about the nature of God directly and through contrast. Our world and everything in it is a constant state of change. The same is true of our bodies, our minds, and our circumstances. But God is not at all like the world or anything in it; He is immutable. His changeless nature serves as both a comfort for the troubled souls of believers and as a threat to the wicked. In this sermon we explore the divine attribute of immutability and how should shape the way we think about God.
What do you do when the consequences of your bad choices come crushing down upon you? When we pick up with chapter 29, we find David in a position where he is going to have to join the Philistine army in battle against his own people. His lack of faith in God’s protection and his deception of King Achish of Gath have brought he and his men to this critical point. Thankfully, David could never put himself beyond God’s ability to rescue, and God’s mercy is exactly what we see in this text.
Back in 15:23, as Samuel was rebuking Saul for his disobedience to God’s command, he said to Saul “Rebellion is as the sin of divination.” Divination is exactly what Saul resorts to at the end of his life. With the threat of the Philistines bearing down upon him and God not answering his pleas, he makes the sinful decision to visit a medium to call up Samuel from the grave. In this exchange, we see the peril of faithless religion, God’s sovereign hand in desperation, and the dangers of the occult.
We were made for worship. Every single human being who has ever or will ever exist is made to worship the one true Lord of the universe. Thus, Revelation 5 is a picture of what every child of God can anticipate for their future — being gathered around the throne to give honor and praise and glory to Him who sits on the throne and unto the Lamb!
Here in Revelation 5, we see the Son who willingly humbled Himself in obedience to the Father returning to the greater place of exaltation in the heavenlies. When Christ takes the scroll from the Father’s hand, the four living creatures and the 24 elders are overcome with awe as they behold the glory of the Godhead displayed in the outworking of redemptive history. So they all fall down before the Lamb of God to worship. Their response models what our response should be to Christ.
In an episode very reminiscent of chapter 24, Saul once again pursued David into the wilderness of Ziph with 3,000 choice men. God caused the whole army to fall into a deep sleep which allowed David and Abishai to walk right into the middle of the camp and stand over slumbering Saul. David once again spared Saul’s life, and from his response, we learn of the depth of his faith, and of his desire to not be cut off from the means of public worship in Israel.
Here at the end of chapter 25, we find David taking Abigail as a wife. He additionally takes Ahinoam as a wife about the same time, both in addition to his marriage to Michal. David’s choices at this point raise the question of polygamy in the Bible. Why does God allow a man after His own heart to multiply wives? How do we understand the issue of polygamy in the Bible? How does the presence of polygamy point us to our need for Christ? These are questions answered in this sermon.
Abigail’s humble confrontation and affirmation of David is the longest recorded speech by a woman in the Old Testament. Through her words, we are presented with the strength, wisdom, and faith of biblical womanhood. In this text, we find 12 ways that Abigail demonstrated a heart of godliness, thereby disarming an angry young king and a force of 400 men with the power of her meekness. We also see how David’s response of thankfulness models a biblical response to strong womanhood.
In 1 Samuel 25, we are introduced to Nabal, the “fool” who was so selfish and self-centered that he would not return the favor of protection and good-will given to him by David and his men. Unfortunately, we also see that David himself acts like a fool as he forsakes the trait of mercy and gives himself over to a spirit vengeance. From their examples, as well as the example of the faithful servant, we learn how important it is to act in righteousness and wisdom rather than in the flesh.
For the first time in Saul’s chase of young David, God brings Saul into the very cave at Engedi where David and his men are hiding. David’s men believe God has delivered Saul into their hands so that David can bring an end to his reign of terror, but David has such trust in God, that he only cuts away a small piece of Saul’s robe. What follows is a testimony to the power of God as David’s mercy and righteousness elicits from Saul himself an affirmation that David will indeed be king of Israel.